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Illyrian world

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The Greek architecture reached its zenith with the Parthenon (447-432 BC), after which began the serial production of eternally magnificent, admired, and cloned Parthenons. The sad epilogue of the Dinsmoor's vademecum "The Architecture of Ancient Grecee" is "Greek architecture began its decline from the end of the 5th century BC, a time after which it could no longer offer anything new and better, compromising the ideals of strength and dignity of the structure.

Immediately after the building of the Parthenon, the Peloponnesian War broke out, starting the polis-crisis, which ultimately flung Greece off the state-building chessboard, paving the way for new political systems, amidst them the kingdom of Alexander the Great.

Alexander stretched his imperia from Adriatic to the Ganges River, threw dozens of civilizations and cultures into cauldron, mixed them with the sword and produced the cosmopolitan amalgam, which Droysen baptized as the Hellenistic period (323-31 BC).

This blend was not the result of an evolutionary process but of a violent intrusion that shuttered all classical totems and taboos: Rigid classical structures were replaced by flexible ones, and the coldness of the heroic left the place to the human warmth.

All this created the atmosphere that Germans call "Experimentierfreude," experimenting because of the curiosity and joy of the successful attempt. As such, the Hellenistic period is in no way the decadence of "ideals and dignity," but the next gemstone of the world heritage necklace.

In this process, the Illyrian heritage was not just a duplicative, blind follower of the existing principles. It dared to revoke Mycenaean rituals and death masks after eight centuries of oblivion; to replace the irrational theatron with the fan-shaped one; to graft the Italic paraskenia with the Greek thyromata skene giving birth to the Roman perspective stage. And right here, for the first time on the mainland, the basic elements of the construction industry appeared (arches, domes, undulated series).

Meantime, the pronounced lack of written sources turns these vestiges into trustworthy witnesses of an elevated economic, technical and aesthetic level of life. Actually historians can invent, hide or distort the facts, but the stones cannot learn these skills.

Të dhëna

Lloji i botimitHard Cover
RedaktoriAlbion Zifla, Peter Tase
V. Bot2022
Tipi i publikimitLibër
Grupmoshambi 18 vjeç
StatusiI ri
Numri i botimeveI parë